PRB Rule: 38. General control by Superintendents. [S.12, Act V, 1861]:
It should be the aim of every Superintendent that his subordinates should, on the one hand, feel confident of being given due credit for good work and of receiving a fair hearing and loyal support in all difficulties and, on the other, realize the impossibility of earning his good opinion or of gaining promotion except by honest work.
He shall keep in constant touch with his officers. He shall be accessible to them and encourage those who are called by duty to headquarters to report in person on the state of their charges and to discuss their difficulties with him personally. He shall attend office at regular hours when at headquarters and dispose of his official business there. When enquiries are being made into minor offences he should dispense with written explanations, if possible, and pass short concise orders.
PRB Rule: 39. Duties which may be delegated to Additional Superintendents.[S.12, Act V, 1861]
(a) The Additional Superintendent is in subordinate alliance with the Superintendent and holds a position similar to that of a second in command of a regiment. The two officers shall work in constant co- operation and keep each other informed of all matters of importance in the administration of the district: when one of them is absent from head the other shall do his current work.
(b) Subject to any restriction imposed by these regulations, the Superintendent may at his discretion employ an Additional Superintendent on any duty and may delegate to him the power to dispose of any particular item of work. Which is relatively less important and of which the Superintendent can be reheved without. In any degree whatsoever. Diminishing his authority or responsibility. The Superintendent shall, if necessary, consult the Deputy Inspector- General when determining the duties ordinarily to be performed by the Additional Superintendent.
(c) The Superintendent and the Additional Superintendent. Shall meet constantly to discuss Intelligence Branch work in order to keep each other posted in all its phases.
(d) The Superintendent shall lay down a definite line of action for the control of crime throughout his charge and he shall communicate this to his Additional Superintendent who shall give him every support in seeing that it is followed. ;
PRB Rule: 44. Powers and functions of Assistant and Deputy Superintendents.[S.12, Act V, 1861]:
(a) With the written permission of the Deputy Inspector- General of the Range an Assistant or Deputy Superintendent in any district may. Under the control of the Superintendent and subject to any written order recorded by him which does not conflict with any law or rule in force, perform any of the duties of a Superintendent under the Police Act, 1861, or under any rule or order made or approved by the Provincial Government under that Act.
(b) The functions and departmental status of Assistant Superintendents and of Deputy Superintendent are generally the same ; but the object for which Deputy Superintendents are appointed is to give the Superintendent as much relief as possible whereas the chief consideration in the case of Assistant Superintendents is their training and duties shall therefore be arranged so as to give them experience of all branches of police work and to fit them as early as possible for the charge of a district ( vide regulation 790 ).
189. General duties of Circle Inspectors. [S.12. Act V. 1861.] :
(a) A circle Inspector shall be in charge of a circle as defined in regulation 4 and shall be responsible for the supervision. Control and general efficiency of all police work and for the prevention and detection of crime therein. Under section 551 of the Code of criminal procedure he may exercise the same powers throughout his circle as an officer in charge of a police- station within the limits of his station. He shall reside in his circle and keep himself informed of what is going in his charge. He shall be responsible for the peace of the circle and for he proper performance of their duties by his subordinates. And cases of failure or neglect it shall be his duty to initiate proceedings against defaulters in cases calling for major punishment. In proceedings against Sub- inspectors and officers of lower ranks ( except in cases of serious misconduct ) he may record the evidence and defence and after giving his finding submit the proceedings to the Superintendent for orders.
(b) One of his chief duties shall be to secure full and hearty co- operation between the officers of bordering police- stations, and by frequent meetings to impress on them cannot be adequately dealt with without such co- operation. He shall also see that lists of criminals, both active and suspected, are sent to bordering police- stations.
(c) He shall, from a study of the crime maps of the police- stations within his circle, and from an intelligent use of his index of crime, or note book of crime against property, ascertain the criminal areas in his circle and pay particular, attention to them. He shall carefully study the diaries of all cases occurring in those areas, and satisfy himself that the Sub- inspectors are concentrating their attention on them. Where necessary, he shall arrange for the proper patrolling of such areas both by the regular and the rural police, and shall satisfy himself, by frequent surprise visits, that his Sub- Inspectors and their subordinates are patrolling effectively. He shall also make prolonged visits to such areas, ascertain , whenever possible, the criminals who are responsible, and then frame a definite line of policy to be adopted, both for the prevention of crime in future by seeing that surveillance is effective and not nominal, and by instituting such other measures as the circumstances of the case indicate.
(d) He shall see that warrants, proclamations and attachment orders are issued against absconders and that necessary steps are taken for their arrest.
(e) He shall not ordinarily conduct investigations, but shall supervise, taking up cases only for very special reasons, such as mismanagement by the ordinary investigating officer or the unusual importance or intricacy of the facts. He shall take special note of the progress of important cases and be ready to assist in any investigation where his assistance is required. He shall see that each case is fully and properly investigated and that all possible steps are taken to ensure detection. in respect of the control he shall exercise over investigations, he shall act in direct subordination to the Sub divisional police officer and the superintendent.
(f) Where there is no court Inspector he shall be responsible for the work of the Court Police.
(g) Except in a town where there is a separate town Inspector, all Town Police in his circle are subject to his supervision and control. He is responsible that systematic arrangements are made for watch and ward, that these arrangements are properly supervised and that the officers are given an adequate number of nights in bed.
(h) He should avoid being captious as regards petty faults which can be corrected by advice and guidance; and he should Endeavour by all legitimate means to gain the confidence and respect of his subordinates. He should in particular keep a watch on the work of junior and inexperienced officers and try to train them in the right path; he shall instruct them in the modus operandi of different classes of criminals, in the avoidance of the errors to which in his experience young officers are prone in preventive and detective work, and in the importance of local knowledge.
(i) He must realize that he is responsible for the investigation of cases and that he must therefore not only take notice of but also himself correct all faults which he observes either from reading the diaries or when supervising enquiries on the spot. It is not enough for him merely to note an error for the information of the Superintendent, it is for him also to take action to correct it. He should also render all assistance possible to investigating officers by suggestions and advice, culled from the storehouse of his greater experience. Except in case in which it may appear necessary to take immediate action or inflict punishment, he shall avoid calling for written explanations, but shall point out to investigating officers the mistakes and omissions they have made.
(j) He shall be entirely without reserve forwards the superintendent and shall keep him informed of all matters connected with the police work of his circle.
(k) He shall maintain close contact with Court Officers, whether the latter work in subordination to him or not. Whenever necessary , he shall discuss with them the evidence in any case, and shall be responsible for seeing that they are properly instructed on all relevant points. He shall bring to the notice of the superintendent important cases in which the retention of the Public Prosecutor or Government pleader appears to be desirable