Constitutional Rights of an Indian


Article 12 to 35 of the "INDIAN CONSTITUTION" covers the Fundamental Rights of the citizen of the country. All these Fundamental Rights indicate that all the citizens are equally treated by the nation irrespective of caste, sex and creed. The basic Fundamental Rights enumerated in Part III of the Indian Constitution are categorized under 7 sections apart from the general segment. The sections are as follows:


•  General Rights:
    Article 12: The Definition of Fundamental Rights is given in this Article
    Article 13:The Article comprises Laws of inconsistent with or in derogation of the Fundamental Rights.
•  Right to Equality:
    Article 14: The provisions regarding Equality before Law are included in this Article.
    Article 15: Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth is specified in this Article.
    Article 16: This Article consists of Rights of Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
    Article 17: Abolition of untouchability is mentioned in this particular Article
    Article 18: This Article provides details about Abolition of titles.
•  Right to Freedom:
    Article 19: Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech, etc. are clearly specified in the Article.
    Article 20: This Article states the Protection in respect of conviction for offenses.
    Article 21: Protection of life and personal liberty is mentioned in the Article.
    Article 22: This Article deals with Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
•  Right against Exploitation:
    Article 23: The details of Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labor are presented in this Article.
    Article 24: The Article contains Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc.
•  Right to Freedom of Religion:
    Article 25: Particulars of Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion are clearly enumerated in this Article.
    Article 26: The Article specifies the Freedom to manage religious affairs.
    Article 27: Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion is stated in the Article.
    Article 28: This Article includes Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain education institutions.
•  Cultural and Educational rights:
    Article 29: Protection of interests of minorities is specified in detailed form in this Article.
    Article 30: Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions is scripted in this very Article.
    Article 31: The Article dealing with Compulsory acquisition of property has been repealed through the Constitution Act, 1978 under 44th Amendment.